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Psoriasis Types, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Q&A

Psoriasis Types, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Q&A

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease that causes skin cells to quickly grow deep into the skin and create patches. These skin patches are thick and hard, and will itch and burn. However, it is not a contagious disease but can be caused if there is a family history. If you or a loved one is suffering from psoriasis, consult Dr. Jon E. Stahlman, MD, at The Allergy & Asthma Center. For more information, please contact us or book an appointment online. We serve patients from Lawrenceville, Atlanta, Conyers GA, and surrounding areas.

Psoriasis Types, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Near Me in Lawrenceville, Atlanta, and Conyers, GA
Psoriasis Types, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Near Me in Lawrenceville, Atlanta, and Conyers, GA

Table of Contents:

What is the main cause of psoriasis?
How serious is psoriasis?
How do you stop psoriasis from spreading?
How can psoriasis be cured?

What is the main cause of psoriasis?


Psoriasis is a chronic disease that causes skin cells to grow rapidly in patches, but the cause is not yet fully understood. Psoriasis is believed to be caused by your immune system cells attacking your body’s cells by mistake. This leads to the symptoms of psoriasis, which usually come in the form of dry, itchy, and scaly patches of rashes. They are commonly located around the knees, elbows, and scalp.

Genetics and environmental factors are suspected to be the main determining factors in who will develop psoriasis. Psoriasis tends to be cyclical, as symptoms will lie dormant for some time before they are triggered again by some environmental factors, lasting a few weeks to a few months. For those who already have psoriasis, common triggers may include infection, cold and dry weather, injury to the skin, and drug or alcohol abuse. Family history and smoking may also cause a person to develop the disease.

How serious is psoriasis?


Psoriasis varies in severity, as some cases will be treatable with topical ointments, while other cases may require pills, injections, or other light treatments. Keeping the triggers of your psoriasis under control may also help treat the condition no matter the severity.

Although it is treatable through simple measures, people with psoriasis may be at a greater risk of getting psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular complications, mental health problems, and much more. Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic disease that causes pain, swelling, and stiffness of the joints. Heart attack and stroke both fall under the increased chance of cardiovascular complications. In addition to all of these, it may also increase the risk of diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, osteoporosis, liver disease, and kidney disease. So, even if psoriasis by itself is not too dangerous, it may lead to other life-threatening complications and conditions.

How do you stop psoriasis from spreading?


Treatments that target symptoms and avoid stresses and triggers will give you the best chance to combat the spread of psoriasis. Treatments should focus on limiting the amount of skin cells that can grow and reducing flare-ups. Changing your diet so that you are getting all the necessary nutrients may help reduce flare-ups and the spread of psoriasis. Avoiding external stressors such as alcohol or smoking may also decrease the spread of psoriasis. You should also try to protect your skin using sunscreen and lotion. This will help combat the dryness of the skin overgrowths while also protecting against the sun at the same time. Sleep may also be considered a stress factor, so making sure you are sleeping a healthy number of hours is vital. Lastly, you may want to reconsider and change some of your medications if they contain ingredients associated with flare-ups, however, you should consult your doctor first if you think it influences your skin before you stop taking the medication.

How can psoriasis be cured?


There is no cure for psoriasis, meaning it is usually a life-long disease, but many treatments and medications may ease the symptoms of psoriasis. Your provider will likely determine what treatment plan is right for you by checking the severity of your rashes.

After consulting your provider, they may prescribe you certain medications in the form of cream, moisturizer, or pills. Common medications include, but are not limited to steroid creams, moisturizers, anthralin (medication for slow skin production), medicated shampoo or lotion, retinoid creams, or vitamin D3 ointment. Other alternate solutions may be considered if the common procedures are not effective. For example, things like light therapy may be able to reduce skin inflammation at certain wavelengths. Within these alternate solutions, medications like immune therapies, methotrexate, and cyclosporine may be considered to help combat the effects of your psoriasis.

Besides medication, there are plenty of other ways you may be able to lessen the symptoms. The easiest one is to take care of your overall health as it will help your symptoms and reduce a lot of the flare-ups. For more information, please contact us or book an appointment online. We serve patients from Lawrenceville GA, Atlanta GA, Conyers GA, Suwanee GA, Duluth GA, Grayson GA, Decatur GA, Brookhaven GA, Lithonia GA and Covington GA.

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